Learning to write in Arabic is very important, and with the right approach, it can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience. Here, we’ll walk you through the process of writing these letters, providing simple techniques and examples to help you grasp the essentials of Arabic writing.

Arabic language consists of 28 letters and is written from right to left. The Basic Arabic letters for beginners are Alif, Baa, Taa, Thaa, Jim, etc. And there are 4 forms including initial, medial, final, and isolated. The script is cursive, meaning letters connect in specific ways, and some change shape depending on their position in a word. Let’s discover how to learn Arabic fast below!

What are the Basic Arabic Letters?

The Arabic alphabet comprises 28 letters, each with its own unique form and sound. Some basic letters include “Alif,” which looks like a vertical line and makes an “a” sound, “Baa” resembling a loop and producing a “b” sound, “Taa” written like a small oval and sounding like “t,” “Thaa” that looks similar to “Taa” with two dots above and is pronounced like “th” in “this,” “Jeem” resembling a small hook and making a “j” sound, and “Haa” shaped like a small circle and producing an “h” sound. These are basic arabic letters and by practicing them anyone can learn Arabic fast.

4 Forms of Basic Arabic Letters

LetterInitial FormMedial FormFinal FormIsolated Form

Ways to Write Arabic Letters for Beginners

During the Arabic classes for beginners, here are the ways that will help you the best:

1. Arabic Letters are Joined With One Another

Arabic script is cursive, meaning letters within a word are connected, resulting in a seamless flow. To facilitate this, beginners should focus on learning the correct letter connections. A tip for beginners is to practice writing words slowly, paying attention to the way each letter smoothly links with the next. Start with simple words, gradually progressing to more complex ones.

Try writing the word “سلام” (pronounced as “salaam” meaning “peace”) and observe how the letters connect. Pay attention to the shapes of each letter and how they interact when joined, creating a harmonious script.

2. Arabic is Written from Right to Left

As a fundamental rule, Arabic is written from right to left. For newcomers, adjusting to this writing direction might seem challenging initially. One effective practice is to start with simple exercises, such as writing your name or common phrases, focusing on correct alignment from the right-hand side of the page.

Gradually, move on to constructing basic sentences or copying short paragraphs from Arabic texts, consistently maintaining the right-to-left writing flow. Over time, this practice will build familiarity and comfort with the writing direction.

3. The Letter Will Vary Slightly Based on Their Usage

Understanding that Arabic letters can change their form slightly based on their position in a word is crucial for beginners. When a letter is used at the beginning, middle, end, or in isolation within a word, its shape might differ. To become adept, start by practicing the different forms of each letter.

For example, take the letter “ب” (pronounced as “ba”). Write it in its initial form (ب), then in its medial form (ـب), final form (ـب), and isolated form (ب). Practicing these variations regularly will help in recognizing and using the appropriate form of a letter in different word contexts.

4. Hold the Pen for in Your Fingertips for Fluidity

Holding the pen lightly between your fingertips rather than gripping it tightly is beneficial for writing Arabic. This technique facilitates smoother and more fluid strokes, allowing for better control and precision in forming the intricate Arabic letters.

A helpful tip is to practice writing on smooth paper with a pen that allows for a comfortable grip. Maintain a relaxed hand and use small, controlled movements to form each letter. This approach assists in achieving the elegant and flowing script characteristic of Arabic writing.

Learn How to Read and Write Basic Arabic Words from Professional Arabic Tutors

For individuals keen on mastering the art of reading and writing basic Arabic words, seeking guidance from professional tutors is invaluable. Hidayah Network offers comprehensive resources and experienced tutors to assist with learning Arabic morphology for beginners. Their program emphasizes a well-paced approach, enabling learners to learn Arabic in 3 months. What’s remarkable about Hidayah Network is their inclusive approach, offering tailored Arabic classes for kids, ensuring a nurturing and engaging environment for young learners.


Mastering the art of reading and writing basic Arabic letters is an essential step toward fluency in the Arabic language. Understanding the cursive nature of Arabic script, the right-to-left writing direction, and the variations in letter forms based on their position within a word are foundational elements.

By practicing the connection between letters, gradually progressing from simple to more complex words, learners can develop proficiency in writing Arabic.

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