In Arabic grammar, understanding the difference between “Sukoon” and “Jazm” is vital for anyone looking to understand the ins and outs of the language. These two diacritical marks, or tashkeel, play pivotal roles in shaping the pronunciation and meaning of words. This article will help you learn all you need to know about the two and their examples, usages, and signs to pronounce difficult Arabic letters easily.

Sukoon” serves as a silent pause, indicating the absence of a vowel sound on a consonant, affecting the word’s flow. On the other hand, “Jazm” involves the suppression of a vowel, altering the pronunciation by muting a previously audible sound. Learn more details about Sukoon and Jazm here to understand the Arabic language better.

What is Sukoon in the Quran

In the Quran, “Sukoon” is a diacritical mark represented by a small circle ( ْ ) placed above a consonant. It serves as a symbol to indicate a silent pause or the absence of a vowel sound on that letter. Essentially, Sukoon is a linguistic tool that guides the reader to pronounce the words correctly. When encountered, it signals that the consonant should be pronounced without any accompanying vowel sound, contributing to the precise and accurate recitation of the Quranic verses.

What is Jazm in Quran

In the Quran, “Jazm” is denoted by a diacritical mark, specifically a small diagonal stroke ( ـْ ) placed above a consonant. This symbol signifies the suppression of a vowel sound associated with that consonant, altering the word’s pronunciation. Jazm is a linguistic device employed to guide the reader in muting a previously audible vowel, contributing to the correct and precise recitation of Quranic verses.

Difference Between Sukoon and Jazm [With Examples from Quranic Text]

The distinction between Sukoon and Jazm in the Quran becomes evident through their application in specific linguistic contexts. Let’s delve into a few examples to illuminate their differences.

In the word “كِتَابٌ” (kitābun), the Sukoon is placed on the final consonant, indicating a silent pause and the absence of a vowel sound. Contrastingly, in the word “كَتَبَتْ” (katabat), the Jazm mark on the second consonant suppresses the vowel, muting the ‘a’ sound.

Another example arises in the word “سَمِعْنَا” (samī’na), where Sukoon on the last consonant signifies a pause, while in “سَمِعْتُمْ” (samī’tum), Jazm on the second-to-last consonant mutes the ‘u’ vowel.

These instances showcase how Sukoon and Jazm, through their distinctive symbols, play pivotal roles in shaping the pronunciation and meaning of words within the Quranic text.

Signs of Sukoon and Jazm in the Quran

Signs of SukoonSigns of Jazm
Symbol: ْ (small circle)Symbol: ـْ (diagonal stroke)
Primary Indicator: Silent pausePrimary Indicator: Suppression of a vowel sound
Secondary Indicator: N/ASecondary Indicator: حذف (omission of a vowel sound)

Learn and Master Sukoon and Jazm with Quran Tutors at Hidayah Network

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Final Words

Grasping the nuances of Sukoon and Jazm in the Quran is fundamental for those aiming to learn Arabic fast and comprehend the sacred text’s intricate details. With their distinct symbols and functions, these diacritical marks serve as gateways to a profound understanding of pronunciation and meaning within Quranic verses. As learners navigate the subtle yet impactful differences between Sukoon and Jazm, they pave the way for a more accurate and resonant engagement with the Arabic language and its timeless scriptures.